The advice of Hadhrat Abu Bakr radhiallahu anhu gave to Hadhrat Umar radhiallahu anhu before his death

 

Hadhrat Abdur Rahman bin Saabit, Hadhrat Zaid bin Zubayd bin Haarith and Hadhrat Mujaahid all report that when death approached Hadhrat Abu Bakr radhiallahu anhu, he summoned Hadhrat Umar radhiallahu anhu and said,

 

Fear Allah, O Umar! Take note that Allah has some acts (owing to Him) during the day that He does not accept during the night. Also note that Allah does not accept Nafl acts until the Faraa’idh are fulfilled. The scales of those with heavy scales on the Day of Qiyamah have only become heavy because they have always followed the truth in this world and have had high regard for it. It is also the right of a scale in which the truth is placed tomorrow that it should weigh heavily. On the other hand, the scales of those with light scales on the Day of Qiyamah have only become light because they have always followed falsehood in this world and have made light of it. It is also the right of a scale in which falsehood is placed tomorrow that it should weigh lightly.

 

Where Allah has made mention of the people of Jannah, He has mentioned the best of their deeds and overlooked their sins. Whenever I think of them, I say ‘I fear I may never join them’. Wherever Allah has made mention of the people of Jahannam, He has mentioned them by the worst of their actions and rejected their good deeds. Whenever I think of them, I say ‘I fear I may be from amongst them’. Allah has mentioned verses of mercy and verses of punishment so that Allah’s servant should become hopeful (of Allah’s mercy) and fearful (of Allah’s punishment). Never entertain false hopes in Allah (by continuing with sin in the hope that you would be forgiven) but also never lose hope in Allah’s mercy. Never throw yourself into destruction by the doing of your own hands.

 

If you remember this advice of mine, there will never be an unseen thing more beloved to you than death, which will certainly come to you. However if you put it to waste there will never be an unseen thing more hated to you than death, which you will never able to escape.”

 

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